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Adisucipto International Airport

Adisucipto (or Adisutjipto) International Airport (IATA: JOGICAO: WARJ) is the principal airport serving the Yogyakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia.
It is located in the Sleman Regency, in the Yogyakarta Special Region, on the north-east outskirts of the city, near the Prambanan historic temple site. It has one runway, with dimensions of 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) by 45 metres (148 ft). The airport is located about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the city center.
Adisucipto Airport is the fourth busiest airport in the region of Java – Bali, after Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK) in Jakarta, Juanda International Airport (SUB) in Surabaya and Ngurah Rai International Airport (DPS) in Bali.[citation needed]

History


A Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737 NG with new livery at Adisucipto International Airport, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. (2010)
Adisucipto Airport was preceded by a landing ground at Maguwo which was used prior to and during the Second World War. It is named after Agustinus Adisucipto, a pilot who was killed during an attack on Maguwo by the Dutch on 29 July 1947, when his flight, the Dakota VT-CLA, was shot down.
The airport was heavily damaged by the 27th May 2006 earthquake and had to be closed for two days. Some parts of the runway were cracked, and the departure lounge collapsed. During those two days, most flights were canceled or rerouted to Adisumarmo International Airport, Solo. After the airport returned to service on 30 May 2006, all passengers used the international lounge until the new domestic departure lounge was ready. During this period, passenger comfort was affected as the airport as the international lounge was designed only for about 100 passengers at a time.
The airport was closed for several days due to the 2010 Mount Merapi eruption as the volcanic ash erupted by the volcano could endanger the safety of flights flying to or from the airport. During this period, passengers were diverted to Adisumarmo Airport in Solo, Achmad Yani International Airport in Semarang, or transferred to another mode of transportation to the city of Yogyakarta.

International Routes

Before Adisucipto became an international airport, Yogyakarta depended on Bali and Jakarta for its international flights. The airport became an international airport on 21 February 2004 with the first flight, to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, operated by the Indonesian flag carrier Garuda Indonesia. This was the successful conclusion to the city's efforts of over 30 years to have its own international airport. One month later, Garuda Indonesia operated its second international flight, to Singapore. Due to low demand, Garuda Indonesia ceased international flights from the airport on November 2006.
International flights resumed on 30 January 2008 when AirAsia began to fly the Yogyakarta—Kuala Lumpur route using Airbus 320 aircraft. From 1 February 2008, Malaysia Airlines started to serve the Yogyakarta—Kuala Lumpur route operating Boeing 737-400 aircraft but ceased operation in 2011.
In April 2008 AirAsia raised the frequency of its Yogyakarta—Kuala Lumpur flights from four times weekly to daily.[1] In December 2008, Garuda Indonesia resumed its Yogyakarta—Singapore flight, operating three times weekly, but ceased in 2009. AirAsia started to fly a Yogyakarta—Singapore flight on 24 March 2009, operating daily.

Development


Adisutjipto Airport's Domestic Departure Lounge
Adisucipto is being redeveloped in order to cope with the increasing number of passengers. The location of this airport is unusual since the terminal is only about 10 meters from a railway line. A long range plan has been developed to build Adisucipto as a "fused terminal" by building a railway station and bus terminal in the airport. There is still a problem over limited availability of land. An underpass connecting the terminal building and a new parking lot (to the north of the railway) has been completed. The construction of the new Maguwo Station to the north of the airport has also been completed.
There are plans to lengthen the runway by 300 metres (980 ft) to the east. The runway will then be 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) in length. Plans also call for a new taxiway, widening of the apron so that it will be able to handle 11 Boeing 737-400s and 2 Boeing 767-300ERs, and expansion of the terminal.

New Airport

The limited availability of land with dense population around the airport triggered the government to relocate the airport to Gadingsari, Sanden in Bantul Regency or to Temon in Kulon Progo Regency.[2] PT Angkasa Pura I and Yogyakarta Province Administration have appointed Kulonprogo as the new airport location. It will be built without Central Government Fund and will be built by Joint Venture between PT Angkasa Pura I and GVK Group from India with 51 and 49 percent shares, respectively. Predicted, it will be operated in 2016.[3]

Airlines and destinations


Adisutjipto Airport, October 2009
Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur International
Batavia Air Balikpapan, Batam, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Medan, Pontianak, Surabaya Domestic
Citilink Balikpapan (begin 23 January 2013) Domestic
Express Air Makassar, Surabaya Domestic
Garuda Indonesia Balikpapan, Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta Domestic
Indonesia AirAsia Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta Domestic
Indonesia AirAsia Singapore International
Indonesia Air Transport Pangkalanbun, Pontianak Domestic
Lion Air Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Denpasar, Makassar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Surabaya, Batam [4] Domestic
Merpati Nusantara Airlines Bandung, Makassar Domestic
Sriwijaya Air Balikpapan, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Surabaya Domestic
Wings Air Bandung, Surabaya Domestic

Statistics

Adisucipto International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the region Java – Bali in Indonesia. The airport has faced growing trend of the number of passengers going from and to the airport over the past decade. The table below is based on data from PT Angkasa Pura I, who is responsible for the management of the airport.[5]
Year Total
Passengers
Cargo
(tons)
Aircraft
Movements
2001 806,744 2,066,649 11,505
2002 917,714 2,602,279 12,010
2003 1,481,022 3,712,441 17,052
2004 2,442,915 8,307,448 27,102
2005 2,558,262 11,267,961 25,961
2006 2,564,144 9,667,944 23,050
2007 2,598,549 10,528,329 22,559
2008 2,793,769 11,627,950 24,150
2009 3,368,228 11,209,411 37,894
2010 3,690,592 12,307,346 46,457
2011 4,291,646 12,850,482 51,216

Ground transportation

Bus

Shuttle airport bus are serving several destination from Adisucipto Airport, currently it serves by a bus operator, "Damri".
Service Destination Fare
Adisucipto Airport Bus
Damri Kebumen (Hotel Patra) IDR 55,000
Damri Magelang (Hotel Wisata) IDR 35,000
Damri Purworejo (Pool Damri) IDR 35,000
Trans Jogja, a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) of Yogyakarta also opened several routes passing through the Adisucipto Airport which connects passengers to various destinations around Yogyakarta, along with another Trans Jogja routes.
Service Route Notes
Trans Jogja City Bus
Trans Jogja Line 1A Prambanan Bus Terminal - Adisucipto Airport - Tugu Station - Malioboro - Jogja Expo Center (JEC)
Trans Jogja Line 1B Prambanan Bus Terminal - Adisucipto Airport- Jogja Expo Center (JEC) - General Post Office - Pingit - Gadjah Mada University
Trans Jogja Line 3B Giwangan Bus Terminal – Jokteng Kulon – Pingit – MM Gadjah Mada University – Yogyakarta Northern Ring Road – Adisucipto Airport - Kotagede

Car and taxi

Located in Solo Road km. 9 which connected Adisucipto Airport to Yogyakarta city center and also Solo. There is extensive car parking, including motorcycle parking. Car rental and taxi also available.

Rail

Adisucipto Airport also connect by Maguwo Station that located in front of the airport. Maguwo station are now equipped with underground road which connects passengers to the station. This station served by Pramex Train (Prambanan Express) with destination Kutoarjo-Yogyakarta-Solo Balapan-Palur.

Accidents and incidents

  • On 13 January 1995, Garuda Indonesia's Boeing 737-300 PK-GWF overran the runway by about 50 meters due to the runway being wet with rain. There were no casualties.
  • On 7 March 2007, Garuda Indonesia Flight 200, a Boeing 737-400 PK-GZC, crashed and burst into flames upon landing from Jakarta. Twenty-one passengers and one crew member were killed in this accident. This was the first fatal incident at Adisucipto Airport/AFB.
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